Wolfgang Karrer

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Capitulations

Posted by [email protected] on April 9, 2014 at 9:55 AM Comments comments (0)

a colonial practice. The plural makes the difference. A colonizer imposed on its colonies certain limitations on their national sovereignty. Great Britain, for instance, imposed a parallel consular court system on Egypt so British citizens could not be tried in Egyptian courts. The USA uses similar capitulations for countries that accept US military bases on their national territory to protect US soldiers, the base, or US business in the host country. It now seems, protection of the base includes espionnage. NSA - a capitulation?

Poe Man in the Crowd

Posted by wkarrer on January 21, 2013 at 6:00 PM Comments comments (0)

this seems to come from E. T. A. Hoffmann's "Des Vetters Eckfenster" (1820). Notice the enigmatic man on the market, and the hypothesis of the spectator he evokes. Poe strips the frame and leaves the hypothesis unanswered. He radicalizes the late Hoffmann.

Ernesto Sábato

Posted by wkarrer on August 18, 2011 at 10:35 AM Comments comments (0)

His novel Abaddon el exterminador (1974) has fascinated me since it came out. I have tried to make sense of it in a recent article in Escritores del mundo . It may be about the return of Juan Peron to Argentina. Check it out!

Effectism

Posted by wkarrer on February 10, 2011 at 8:07 AM Comments comments (1)

a term used (introduced?) by W. D. Howells for distortions of realism to trigger emotions in the readers (melodrama, sentimentalism). Add surprise, suspense, epiphany, and even "magic realism" ?

Mention of  the term in:


Updike, John. Vermischte Essays. 1991.Übs. W. Winkler. Reinbek: Rowohlt, 1995.

 

 


Doubles as stalkers

Posted by wkarrer on December 17, 2010 at 1:26 PM Comments comments (0)

doubles as stalkers: they meet us (Borges. El otro), follow us (Mann. Venedig), are followed by us (Poe. Wilson). They all seem of the same sex, but (see Borges notes to El libro de Arena) there are cross-gender doubles, such as male-female Borges Ulrica (meet); Breton Nadja (follow),  Capote. Miriam (are followed), Also see mystery women (who's that girl?)  the significant other in Bless me Ultima, Ligeia, De Quincey, Opium Eater (Anna). Add twins and incest:<Manfred > Ligeia + Usher, Byron Lara, Gautier Rosas (all in Paglia) Add animals such as female-male (Vampire), female-female (Coleridge. Christabel) Paglia, twins (The Shining). Think of houses as double: female + house (Thurber), male + house (Bronte). Why stop here: enlarge to city? island? maze, cave ...

 

 

Poe Ligeia

Posted by wkarrer on December 17, 2010 at 10:39 AM Comments comments (0)

The story seems to me a simple transformation of "Undine" by La Motte Fouqué, itself a reworking of a common folklore type of the two wives. Poe just replaced the water spirit Undine by an astral spirit Ligeia, and adds the psychological dimension of a (possibly) deranged narrator, which undermines the fairy tale qualities preserved in "Undine."

RUNA - Buenos Aires

Posted by wkarrer on April 10, 2010 at 12:59 PM Comments comments (0)

My article on narration in Ranqel comunities has just come out (March 2010). Check it out:


http://www.naya.org.ar/biblioteca/revistas/runa/


Mussolini statue in Ethiopia

Posted by wkarrer on March 22, 2010 at 8:04 AM Comments comments (0)

I discovered the time and place of the erection of Mussoilini's statue in Africa a few days ago ( March 18, 2010). This will lead to a revision of my W. Stevens article above. The first installment will deal with the consequences for a political reading of the Owl's Clover sequence of 1936. This should establish Stevens's sympathies with Mussolini much more firmly than before. The next step after that would be showing Stevens's debt to Mussolini in The Noble Rider of 1940. Keep checking.

Literary History USA - An Abstract

Posted by wkarrer on July 25, 2009 at 9:28 AM Comments comments (0)

Karrer, Wolfgang. 2008. Literaturgeschichte der USA: Ein sozialgeschichtlicher

Überblick. [Literary history of the USA: A social-history survey]. Hamburg: Verlag Dr.

Kovac, ii + 176pp., EUR 58.00. SEE: Literaturgeschichte

Keywords: literary history; social history; USA (literary history); media history; reading (history of); cultural

analysis; Bourdieu, Pierre; Williams, Raymond

This is a short history of US literature and its colonial beginnings seen as part of a social history.

Each of the ten chapters begins with the social and political changes of that period, and

then turns to that part of society that reads books, magazines or newspapers. Readers have

always remained a minority of the US population, but a growing minority, mainly concentrated

in the harbor cities of the Atlantic coast. Readers formed groups, libraries and educational

institutions to further literacy, the access and the habit of reading from coast to coast.

Media played the most important part in this expansion of a literary market. Magazines, led

by newspapers, and closely followed by theaters, brought literature into the West. Books

lagged behind. After 1900, industrialization added film, radio, television and the internet as

new media for literature, soon overtaking the print media, and deeply upsetting the traditional

hierarchy of book, magazine and newspaper with their corresponding habits of reading. Literary

forms and genres depended not only in the case of the theater on the media they were

circulated in. This is true from the early tracts and sermons through short stories and poems

(depending on magazines) to novels and novel series (depending on book publishers and an

international copyright). The increasing concentration of publishing and distributing literary

content had direct effect in standardizing types of fiction, drama, essays and poetry. Publishers

recycled formulas in different media. The income of writers, their social status and their

position in the literary field depended directly on their choice of forms or of the right mixture

of forms (poetry, essay, novel, drama) and indirectly on the publishers of the corresponding

media. Competition for readers and for media access led to various types of author formations,

changing from the gentlemen?s club to bohemia or unionization to postmarket tenure in

the educational system. The international copyright led to an increasing dependence of authors

on literary agents, and the US government or foundations began to subsidize large parts

of the literary production in print or theaters to help them survive the competition from the

new electronic media. All these processes in consuming, circulating and producing literature

in the USA went through three overlapping phases: Agriculture, industrialization, and postindustrial

service industries. At the same time, they underwent an increasing decolonization

from literary England. Literary critics furthered these processes of substituting English by

American reading matters. Throughout the nineteenth century and beyond they tried to define

?American literature? as different from ?English.? Literary criticism, long allied with the literary

magazines, finally had to share this program of literary nationalism with the academic

critics. US literature became part of the national educational system. Teachers and the institutions

they worked in increasingly acquired a virtual monopoly to define the literary canon of

the USA. As they could enforce their choices on students they also had an important impact in

imposing academic reading habits on future readers and authors of US literature.

These secular tendencies to concentrate, control and shape literary production and

consumption provoked resistance from authors and readers in all three phases. Native Americans

and African Americans suffered most from the agricultural expansion of the USA. Critics

excluded their literary production, mainly oral, from the national canon. European American

writers who dissented took to founding agricultural or rural communities and created their

own magazines and outlets. Industrial writers chose either urban bohemia or oppositional associations

such as the parties of the Left. After World War II literary associations of all kinds,

regional, international, ethnic, academic, political etc. have offered writers new fields from

which to raise their dissenting voices. And, especially in the twentieth century, when the oligopolies

of publishers, electronic media or theater owners seemed at a point to strangle literary

production with syndicalization and serialized formulas, little magazines, little theaters,

little publishing houses have come forth to offer alternative and oppositional literature to their

respective audiences. Feminists have opened new ways of writing, revising much of the

dominant national criticism, academic and otherwise. Finally, younger readers use the internet

to write and criticize literary texts that stand outside the academic field and canons.

The book uses concepts developed by Raymond Williams and by Pierre Bourdieu.


RIF Revista de Investigaciones Folkl?ricas

Posted by wkarrer on July 24, 2009 at 9:44 AM Comments comments (0)

folklore studies

in Argentina has come out with a new number. RIF.  Check it out!


 GACETILLA DE PRENSA

> Los editores de la Revista de Investigaciones Folclóricas (RIF), fundada por la

> Dra. Martha Blache hace más de 20 años, tienen el agrado de anunciar la

>                   aparición del volumen número 22.

>       Esta edición  ofrece una variedad temática de artículos.    Wolfang Karrer

> presenta un trabajo en el que se adentra en la redefinición del concepto de

> contexto y

> el de actuación, tal como ha aparecido en los últimos números de la RIF

> vinculándolos con su historia conceptual a partir del aporte de estudiosos de

> E.E.U.U.

> y Europa y tres ejemplos que toma para analizar en profundidad. Enfatiza,

> además, el

> uso actual del término apropiación mediante el análisis de diversos casos. A

> continuación se presentan dos artículos dedicados a la narrativa, aunque

> claramente

> diferenciados en su temática y en sus objetivos. El artículo sobre los

> "travellers" de

> Fionnuala Carson Williams,  muestra un cuidadoso rastreo de diversas fuentes.

> Basada en este material la autora  va mostrando parte de la historia de este

> grupo

> minoritario irlandés. También cómo, a través de proverbios y otros géneros

> narrativos, exteriorizan su propia identidad social, viendo, además, las

> visiones

> contrapuestas que la sociedad mayoritaria tiene sobre ellos. El trabajo de María

> Luisa

> Rubinelli, por su parte, se basa en relatos andinos tradicionales referidos a

> enfermedades y su cura. Presenta una propuesta teórico-metodológica, para su

> análisis con el objetivo de orientar a los estudiantes de Educación para la

> Salud en la

> tarea de su interpretación, a fin de acercarse a las creencias de aquellos con

> los que

> deben interactuar en el ejercicio de su profesión.

>           Los dos trabajos siguientes se dedican al carnaval quebradeño, aunque

> cada

> uno de ellos hace hincapié en problemáticas diferentes.  Flora Losada, analiza

> el

> carnaval mediante los rituales que realizan dos tipos de agrupaciones: las

> comparsas y

> los fortines. Pone en cuestión conceptos como el de tradición y el de inversión

> de

> roles, status y valores. Mediante su trabajo postula la relativización de la

> afirmación

> vigente acerca de que el carnaval es la manifestación simbólica del "mundo al

> revés".

> Por su parte, Yanina Mennelli estudia el contrapunto de coplas, es decir la

> práctica de

> improvisar alternadamente coplas cantadas con caja. Realiza una exhaustiva

> revisión

> bibliográfica del canto con caja relacionándolo con otras formas musicales de

> Argentina. El material de campo reunido por la investigadora le permite

> caracterizar

> las distintas "figuraciones" con que aparecen el hombre y la mujer en el

> enunciado de

> estas coplas.

>            Finalmente Beatriz Kalinsky nos brinda un trabajo en el que cuestiona

> el

> accionar del sistema judicial en los casos de infanticidio en el momento de

> nacer, y

> que dan lugar a procesos penales. Su aporte se basa en hechos recientes bien

> estudiados por la autora que pone de relieve las "creencias" de las madres

> involucradas respecto del "hecho" cometido y cómo estas "creencias" no son

> tenidas

> en cuenta por el sistema judicial, incluso el carcelario

>

> Para consultar el ejemplar visitar el sitio: www.revistarif.com.ar

>

 



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